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Tribelhorn, Katharina; Twarużek, Magdalena ORCID: 0000-0002-2568-1178; Soszczyńska, Ewelina; Rau, Jörg; Baschien, Christiane ORCID: 0000-0002-9771-1786; Straubinger, Reinhard K. ORCID: 0000-0001-8382-7182; Ebel, Frank ORCID: 0000-0002-1027-1440; Ulrich, Sebastian ORCID: 0000-0002-4511-9537 (2022): Production of Satratoxin G and H Is Tightly Linked to Sporulation in Stachybotrys chartarum. Toxins, 14 (8): 515. ISSN 2072-6651

[thumbnail of 20220728 - finalversiontoxins - sporulation.pdf] Published Article
20220728 - finalversiontoxins - sporulation.pdf

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Stachybotrys chartarum is a toxigenic fungus that is frequently isolated from damp building materials or improperly stored forage. Macrocyclic trichothecenes and in particular satratoxins are the most potent mycotoxins known to be produced by this fungus. Exposure of humans or animals to these secondary metabolites can be associated with severe health problems. To assess the pathogenic potential of S. chartarum isolates, it is essential to cultivate them under conditions that reliably promote toxin production. Potato dextrose agar (PDA) was reported to be the optimal nutrition medium for satratoxin production. In this study, the growth of S. chartarum genotype S strains on PDA from two manufacturers led to divergent results, namely, well-grown and sporulating cultures with high satratoxin concentrations (20.8 ± 0.4 µg/cm2) versus cultures with sparse sporulation and low satratoxin production (0.3 ± 0.1 µg/cm2). This finding is important for any attempt to identify toxigenic S. chartarum isolates. Further experiments performed with the two media provided strong evidence for a link between satratoxin production and sporulation. A comparison of three-point and one-point cultures grown on the two types of PDA, furthermore, demonstrated an inter-colony communication that influences both sporulation and mycotoxin production of S. chartarum genotype S strains.

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