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Quadflieg, Norbert; Naab, Silke; Schlegl, Sandra; Bauman, Tabea; Voderholzer, Ulrich (2023): Inpatient Treatment Outcome in a Large Sample of Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa. Nutrients, 15 (19): 4247. ISSN 2072-6643

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Anorexia nervosa is an illness affecting primarily adolescent girls and young women. Clinical guidelines recommend early intervention, with inpatient treatment for more severe cases. We present an evaluation of a multi-modal cognitive–behavioral inpatient treatment (CBT-E) involving carers in specialized units for adolescents. Routine data of 962 adolescent inpatients (26 boys) (mean age 15.48 [1.26]; range 12–17 years) were analyzed. Predictors of good body weight outcome (achieving a discharge BMI of at least 18.5 kg/m2) were identified by logistic regression analysis. Mean inpatient treatment lasted 96.69 (45.96) days. The BMI increased significantly from 14.93 (1.38) kg/m2 at admission to 17.53 (1.58) kg/m2 at discharge (z = 26.41; p < 0.001; d = 1.708). Drive for thinness decreased from 29.08 (9.87) to 22.63 (9.77; z = 18.41; p < 0.001; d = 0.787). All other subscores of the Eating Disorder Inventory also decreased significantly, with small to medium effect sizes. General psychopathology also showed significant decreases. The Beck Depression Inventory-II score decreased from 26.06 (11.74) to 16.35 (12.51; z = 18.41; p < 0.001; d = 0.883). A good body weight outcome was predicted by a higher BMI at admission (OR = 1.828), age at onset at 15 years or higher (OR = 1.722), and higher Somatization (OR = 1.436), Anxiety (OR = 1.320), and Bulimia (OR = 1.029) scores. CBT-E involving carers is an efficient intervention for adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

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