Logo Logo

Wachtel, Nikolaus; Englbrecht, Marc A.; Micheler, Carina; Lang, Jan J.; Burgkart, Rainer; Giunta, Riccardo E.; Wilhelm, Christina J. (2023): The minimum required overlap length for tendon transfer A biomechanical study on human tendons. PLOS ONE, 18 (8): e0289650. ISSN 1932-6203

[thumbnail of journal.pone.0289650.pdf] Published Article

The publication is available under the license Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB)


In tendon transfer surgeries sufficient stability of the tenorrhaphy is essential. In addition to the choice of a suitable technique, adequate overlap of donor and recipient tendons must be ensured. The aim of this study was to investigate the tensile strength with regard to tendon overlap of a recently published tenorrhaphy, termed Woven-Fridén (WF) tenorrhaphy, which displayed higher tensile strength and lower bulk when compared to the established Pulvertaft technique. For this purpose, WF tenorrhaphies with 1.5 cm, 2 cm, and 3 cm tendon overlap were performed and subsequently tested for different biomechanical properties by tensile testing. Among others, the parameters of ultimate load and stiffness were collected. Native tendons served as controls. A formula was derived to quantify the relation between tendon overlap and ultimate load. We observed that sufficient tensile strength (mean ultimate load of 217 N) is already given with a 2 cm tendon overlap. In addition, with more than 3 cm overlap length only little additional tensile strength is to be expected as the calculated ultimate load of 4 cm overlap (397 N) is approaching the plateau of the maximal ultimate load of 435 N (native tendons).

View Item
View Item