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Behr, Juergen; Bonella, Francesco; Günther, Andreas; Koschel, Dirk; Prasse, Antje; Pittrow, David; Klotsche, Jens; Kreuter, Michael; Andreica, Ioana; Behr, Jürgen; Biller, Heike; Claussen, Martin; Budweiser, Stephan; Eisenmann, Stephan; Ewert, Ralf; Gesierich, Wolfgang; Gläser, Sven; Grohé, Christian; Grund, Daniel; Grünewaldt, Achim; Hagmeyer, Lars; Held, Matthias; Kabitz, Hans-Joachim; Kirschner, Joachim; Markart, Philipp; Neff, Ulrich; Neurohr, Claus; Reichenberger, Frank; Schramm, Peter; Schwaiblmair, Martin; Seese, Bernd; Skowasch, Dirk; Wälscher, Julia; Weber, Michael; Westhoff, Michael; Wilkens, Heinrike; Wirtz, Hubert (2023): Investigating significant health trends in progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease (INSIGHTS-ILD): rationale, aims and design of a nationwide prospective registry. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 23 (1). ISSN 1471-2466

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The progressive course of pulmonary fibrosis (PPF) is observed with variable prevalence in different entities of fibrosing interstitial lung disease (fILD). PPF is characterised by worsening respiratory symptoms, declining lung function and increasing extent of fibrosis on high-resolution computer tomography. In Germany, data are limited on the characteristics and management of such patients.

INSIGHTS-ILD is a prospective observational longitudinal registry designed to describe characteristics, management and course of newly diagnosed (incident) and prevalent patients with fILD on the long term. The registry uses a non-probability sampling approach to collect data on characteristics, therapeutic interventions, health-related quality of life and health economic parameters. It is planned to include 900 patients in ambulatory care in about 30 expert sites over three years. The study has been initiated in December 2021, and currently (January 2023) follows 360 patients.

The registry is expected to provide much-needed data on the characteristics, management, and trajectories of patients fILD in Germany. The start of the study comes at a time when new treatment options are available for PPF. We hypothesize that PPF represents a broad clinical phenotype that is differentially influenced by inflammatory and fibrotic pathomechanisms that need to be treated with anti-inflammatory and/or anti-fibrotic treatment strategies. This registry will allow comparisons with other countries. Gap analyses based on current guidelines for management of these patients will be possible.

Trial registration DRKS00027389 (registered on 7.12.2021), BfArM NIS 7562.

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