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Sciuk, Franziska; Vilsmaier, Theresa; Kramer, Marie; Langer, Magdalena; Kolbinger, Brenda; Li, Pengzhu; Jakob, André; Rogenhofer, Nina; Dalla-Pozza, Robert; Thaler, Christian; Haas, Nikolaus Alexander; Oberhoffer, Felix Sebastian (2022): Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Subjects Conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 11 (23). ISSN 2077-0383

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Subjects conceived through assisted reproductive technologies (ART) potentially suffer from impaired left ventricular (LV) function due to premature vascular aging. This study aimed to evaluate whether subtle differences in LV diastolic function can be observed echocardiographically between young ART subjects and their spontaneously conceived peers. The echocardiographic assessment included the measurement of LV dimensions, mitral inflow velocities, and myocardial velocity at early diastole (E’, cm/s) at the LV wall and the interventricular septum (IVS). An average from E/E’LV and E/E’IVS (E/E’AVG) was derived. In total, 66 ART subjects and 83 controls (12.85 ± 5.80 years vs. 13.25 ± 5.89 years, p = 0.677) were included. The ART subjects demonstrated a significantly lower E’LV (19.29 ± 3.29 cm/s vs. 20.67 ± 3.78 cm/s, p = 0.020) compared to their spontaneously conceived peers. Study participants of ≥ 10 years of age displayed a significantly higher E/E’AVG (6.50 ± 0.97 vs. 6.05 ± 0.99, p = 0.035) within the ART cohort. The results of this study demonstrate a significantly lower LV diastolic function in the ART subjects. However, no significant changes in LV diastolic function were observed between the two groups when the results were adjusted for age, birth weight percentile, and gestational age. Those ART subjects born preterm might have an elevated risk of developing LV diastolic alterations and could therefore profit from close echocardiographic monitoring.

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