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Barnikel, Michaela; Kneidinger, Nikolaus; Arnold, Paola; Waelde, Andrea; Behr, Jürgen; Milger, Katrin (2022): Riociguat in Patients with CTEPH and Advanced Age and/or Comorbidities. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 11 (4): 1084. ISSN 2077-0383

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Riociguat is licensed for the therapy of inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). We aimed to investigate whether age and comorbidities influence its tolerability and efficacy. Retrospectively, we analyzed data of tolerability, non-invasive, and invasive efficacy at baseline and follow up (FU) of all patients with CTEPH treated with riociguat at the Department of Internal Medicine V, University of Munich (n = 47), grouping patients according to age (<65 versus 65–79 versus ≥80 years) and risk factors for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) (<2 versus ≥2 risk factors). During dose titration patients >80 years reported side effects more frequently (40%) than the other age groups (23% and 21% for patients <65 years and patients 65–79, respectively). Cessation of riociguat was rare and occurred independent of age. When looking at the total cohort of 47 patients, three patients stopped therapy and three patients had a reduced maintenance dosage, while 41/47 (87%) and all octogenarians reached the highest maintenance dosage of 7.5 mg/d. The frequency of any side effect was similar in patients in both risk factor groups, and hypotension was only observed in those with <2 risk factors. Parameters of efficacy improved significantly under riociguat treatment. Improvement in 6-min walk distance (6 mwd), N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (Nt-proBNP) and hemodynamics did not differ between age or risk factor groups. In this small real-life cohort, riociguat was well-tolerated and effective in advanced age and risk factors for HFpEF.

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