Logo Logo

Wichelhaus, Andrea ORCID: 0000-0001-8489-167X; Eichenberg, Tena; Gruber, Philip; Bamidis, Elias Panos; Stocker, Thomas ORCID: 0000-0003-1162-2502 (2022): Friction Force Adjustment by an Innovative Covering System Applied with Superelastic NiTi Brackets and Wires—An In-Vitro Study. Materials, 15 (12). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1996-1944

[thumbnail of materials-15-04248.pdf] Published Article

The publication is available under the license Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB)


The aim of this study was the investigation of polymeric coverings to adjust frictional forces between V-shaped wires and brackets, both made of superelastic NiTi. Adjustment of frictional forces is relevant for certain stages during orthodontic therapy. Coverings able to generate frictional forces when assembled to such brackets are additively manufactured. Six different internal widths of coverings were examined in three different environments: dry condition at room temperature (RT) or body temperature (BT), or artificial saliva (AS) at RT. The different coverings significantly affected the frictional forces for all media (p < 0.001). A correlation between internal width of the covering and resulting frictional forces was found. BT and dry environment showed the lowest friction forces for all samples. The highest force was found for two covering types at RT in AS, while the remaining four covering types showed the highest values in dry environment (p < 0.001). Friction could, therefore, be adjusted by variation of bracket covering clipped onto brackets, which is useful for orthodontic therapy. Coverings delivering higher friction provide dental anchorage, while coverings with lower friction can be used for tooth movement or purely esthetic reasons. It was shown that the variation of covering width may be used for adjustment of frictional forces.

View Item
View Item