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Pal, Samyajoy; Heumann, Christian ORCID: 0000-0002-4718-595X (2022): Clustering compositional data using Dirichlet mixture model. PLOS ONE, 17 (5): e0268438. ISSN 1932-6203

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A model-based clustering method for compositional data is explored in this article. Most methods for compositional data analysis require some kind of transformation. The proposed method builds a mixture model using Dirichlet distribution which works with the unit sum constraint. The mixture model uses a hard EM algorithm with some modification to overcome the problem of fast convergence with empty clusters. This work includes a rigorous simulation study to evaluate the performance of the proposed method over varied dimensions, number of clusters, and overlap. The performance of the model is also compared with other popular clustering algorithms often used for compositional data analysis (e.g. KMeans, Gaussian mixture model (GMM) Gaussian Mixture Model with Hard EM (Hard GMM), partition around medoids (PAM), Clustering Large Applications based on Randomized Search (CLARANS), Density-Based Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise (DBSCAN) etc.) for simulated data as well as two real data problems coming from the business and marketing domain and physical science domain, respectively. The study has shown promising results exploiting different distributional patterns of compositional data.

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