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Mohr, Niklas; Kassumeh, Stefan; Luft, Nikolaus; Dirisamer, Martin; Priglinger, Siegfried G.; Mayer, Wolfgang J. (2024): Enhancing ectasia screening using advanced AS-OCT: a case series of challenging refractive candidates. Frontiers in Ophthalmology, 4: 1405443. ISSN 2674-0826

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Ectasia screening in candidates for laser refractive surgery is mandatory during preoperative evaluation. Despite the availability of modern imaging techniques, refractive surgeons often face borderline decisions when patients present with suspicious tomographic findings. This case series presents refractive candidates with suspicious tomographic findings and demonstrates how to interpret them using Scheimpflug imaging and additional anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT).


Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital, LMU Munich.

Case series

This case series examines six potential candidates for refractive surgery with a mean age of 29.2 ± 3.9 years, whose corneal assessments using Scheimpflug imaging raised suspicion for ectasia. Each candidate was additionally examined with AS-OCT and reevaluated. The mean manifest subjective spherical equivalent was -3.67 ± 1.8 diopters. The total corneal thickness measured 537 µm ± 30 µm at its thinnest point. None of the candidates had any reported underlying corneal or ophthalmic diseases, and slit lamp examinations revealed no abnormal morphological findings.


Both Scheimpflug imaging and AS-OCT are appropriate tools for screening refractive candidates for ectasia. While topographic and elevation analyses yielded comparable results regarding corneal structure, the epithelial mapping provided by AS-OCT played a critical role in decision-making for cases with borderline tomographic findings. Establishing a global consensus on the use of epithelial mapping in ectasia screening is necessary.

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