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Sanftenberg, Linda; Stofella, Julia; Mayr, Katharina; Nassehi, Armin; Härdtlein, Annette; Stark, Stefanie; Kühlein, Thomas; Kurotschka, Peter Konstantin; Gágyor, Ildikò; Eck, Stefanie; Schneider, Antonius; Bößenecker, Melanie; Roos, Marco; Dreischulte, Tobias; Gensichen, Jochen; Baumgärtel, Andrea; Endrich, Isabell; Ermster, Maike; Gehrmann, Jan; Hapfelmeier, Alexander; Hueber, Susann; Klanke, Merle; Kretzschmann, Christian; Kurotschka, Peter Konstantin; Linde, Klaus; Lorenz, Klara; Sanftenberg, Linda; Schneider, Antonius; Stark, Stefanie; Uebel, Til; Walter, Fabian (2024): Expectations of general practitioners on a practice based research network in Germany- a qualitative study within the Bavarian Research Practice Network (BayFoNet). BMC Primary Care, 25 (1). ISSN 2731-4553

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Despite general practitioners' (GPs') key role in Germany
participation-readiness. The aim of this study was to explore facilitators and barriers to participation in the Bavarian Research Practice Network (BayFoNet) from the GPs`perspective before clinical trials will be performed.

We have performed semi-structured qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of 20 Bavarian GPs in 2022 under the application of the consolidated framework for implementation research (CFIR). Transcriptions were analysed according to Kuckartz` qualitative content analysis. The five domains of the CFIR framework served as initial deductive codes.

N = 14 interviewees already agreed to participate in BayFoNet, whereas n = 6 interviewees opted not to participate in BayFoNet at the time of data collection. Main facilitators to conduct clinical research within BayFoNet were the motivation to contribute to evidence strength and quality in general practice, professional development and training of practice staff, as well as networking. Barriers for an active participation were bad experiences with previous clinical studies and lack of resources.

PBRNS in Germany have to be promoted and the entire practice team has to be involved at an early stage of development. Professional training of general practice staff and a living network might enhance engagement. Participatory approaches could help to develop acceptable and feasible study designs. Furthermore, PBRNs should support patient recruitment and data collection in general practices and disseminate the results of their research projects regularly to maintain GPs` engagement.

Trial registration
DRKS00028805, NCT05667207.

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