Logo Logo

Horng, Annie; Ingenerf, Maria; Berger, Frank; Steffinger, Denise; Rübenthaler, Johannes; Zacherl, Matthias; Wenter, Vera; Ricke, Jens; Schmid-Tannwald, Christine (2024): Synchronous neuroendocine liver metastases in comparison to primary pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors on MRI and SSR-PET/CT. Frontiers in Oncology, 14: 1352538. ISSN 2234-943X

[thumbnail of fonc-14-1352538.pdf] Published Article

The publication is available under the license Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB)



The study aimed to compare and correlate morphological and functional parameters in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET) and their synchronous liver metastases (NELM), while also assessing prognostic imaging parameters.


Patients with G1/G2 pNET and synchronous NELM underwent pretherapeutic abdominal MRI with DWI and 68Ga-DOTATATE/TOC PET/CT were included. ADC (mean, min), SNR_art and SNT_T2 (SNR on arterial phase and on T2) and SUV (max, mean) for three target NELM and pNET, as well as tumor-free liver and spleen (only in PET/CT) were measured. Morphological parameters including size, location, arterial enhancement, cystic components, T2-hyperintensity, ductal dilatation, pancreatic atrophy, and vessel involvement were noted. Response evaluation used progression-free survival (PFS) with responders (R;PFS>24 months) and non-responders (NR;PFS ≤ 24 months).


33 patients with 33 pNETs and 95 target NELM were included. There were no significant differences in ADC and SUV values between NELM and pNET. 70% of NELM were categorized as hyperenhancing lesions, whereas the pNETs exhibited significantly lower rate (51%) of hyperenhancement (p<0.01) and significant lower SNR_art. NELM were qualitatively and quantitatively (SNR_T2) significantly more hyperintense on T2 compared to pNET (p=0.01 and p<0.001). NELM of R displayed significantly lower ADCmean value in comparison to the ADC mean value of pNET (0.898 versus 1.037x10 -3 mm²/s,p=0.036). In NR, T2-hyperintensity was notably higher in NELM compared to pNET (p=0.017). The hepatic tumor burden was significantly lower in the R compared to the NR (10% versus 30%).


Arterial hyperenhancement and T2-hyperintensity differ between synchronous NELM and pNET. These findings emphasize the importance of a multifaceted approach to imaging and treatment planning in patients with these tumors as well as in predicting treatment responses.

View Item
View Item