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Wagner, Ferdinand; Weiß, Barbara; Holzapfel, Boris Michael; Ziegler, Christian Max; Heimkes, Bernhard (2023): Functional adaptation after femoral intertrochanteric valgus osteotomy in Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease. Scientific Reports, 13 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease (LCPD) requires individualized treatment in order to regain a functional hip joint. In severe cases, in which a congruent joint cannot be achieved, other options are necessary in order to improve functionality and prevent early osteoarthritis. Therefore, we analysed the clinical and radiologic outcome of 28 patients after valgus osteotomy of the proximal femur (VOF). We examined the range of hip motion, functionality and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) via modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) and Kidscreen-10. Radiographic analysis contained quantitative and qualitative measurements of hip morphology. In particular, we correlated the results with the change of the pelvic-femoral angle (PFA). PFA was defined as the angle between the anatomical diaphyseal line of the femur and a vertical line through the pelvis. The mean follow-up was 5.5 years. Patients showed high mHHS and good HRQoL postoperatively. An increase in ROM with an improvement of 30.5° abduction and 10.3° internal rotation was evident. PFA correlated with adduction contracture and improved significantly after surgery. In consideration of careful patient selection, VOF showed a positive effect on ROM, pain, HRQoL, radiographic congruence and outcome. We identified the age at surgery and an increasing adduction contracture—objectified by a decreased PFA—as a prognostic factor.

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