Logo Logo

Küchemann, Stefan; Steinert, Steffen; Revenga, Natalia; Schweinberger, Matthias; Dinc, Yavuz; Avila, Karina E.; Kuhn, Jochen (2023): Can ChatGPT support prospective teachers in physics task development? Physical Review Physics Education Research, 19 (2). ISSN 2469-9896

[thumbnail of PhysRevPhysEducRes.19.020128.pdf] Published Article

The publication is available under the license Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB)


The recent advancement of large language models presents numerous opportunities for teaching and learning. Despite widespread public debate regarding the use of large language models, empirical research on their opportunities and risks in education remains limited. In this work, we demonstrate the qualities and shortcomings of using ChatGPT 3.5 for physics task development by prospective teachers. In a randomized controlled trial, 26 prospective physics teacher students were divided into two groups: the first group used ChatGPT 3.5 to develop text-based physics tasks for four different concepts in the field of kinematics for 10th-grade high school students, while the second group used a classical textbook to create tasks for the same concepts and target group. The results indicate no difference in task correctness, but students using the textbook achieved a higher clarity and more frequently embedded their questions in a meaningful context. Both groups adapted the level of task difficulty easily to the target group but struggled strongly with sufficient task specificity, i.e., relevant information to solve the tasks was missing. Students using ChatGPT for problem posing rated high system usability but experienced difficulties with output quality. These results provide insights into the opportunities and pitfalls of using large language models in education.

View Item
View Item